SQL Server Connection Parameters
Easily shred and import XML data into an SQL Server
This page describes the various aspects of connecting
to an SQL Server database to import XML into SQL Server
using Exult SQL Server. The connection
parameters are entered on the connection page as shown here:
The location of the SQL Server is entered one of the
- Server Hostname: When just the server hostname is entered
as shown below, a connection is made to the default database
instance on the specified server. The default database instance is
- Server Hostname and Instance: To specify the instance name
in addition to the SQL Server hostname, enter it with the hostname
followed by the instance name separated by a
backslash: Server\Instance In the example below, a
connection is attempted to the instance named XDB_2012 on the
- Specifying the Port Number: When the SQL Server instance is
listening on a port number different from the default
(of 1433), it is necessary to specify the port number
also. When SQL Server
for network connections via TCP/IP, by default the instance
listens on a dynamic port (requesting the operating system for a
free port number). You can ask your system administrator for the
port number or look
it up on the SQL Server machine.
Specify the port number by appending it to the connection string
separated by a comma (",") as
follows: Server/Instance,Port. In the example shown,
we are connecting to the instance named XDB_2012 on the
server MICKEY listening on port 47788.
- Using defaults: When specifying the connection string in
the format listed above, any parameter can be skipped and the
default will be used. For example:
- A connection is made to the default instance
(named MSSQLSERVER) on the specified server. The instance is
assumed to be listening on the default port of 1433.
- Connect to the specified instance on the default
port 1433 on the local machine.
- Specifies a connection to the named instance listening on the
- Attempts connection to the default database on the specified
port on the specified machine.
When client connectivity is performed via network
connections using TCP/IP, firewall rules need to be updated to allow
connections to the specified port(s) on the SQL Server machine. This
depends on the firewall being used on the SQL Server machine, but
when using the Windows firewall, here are the
instructions to allow client connections to SQL Server.
An SQL Server database might be configured for
supporting client connections with the following authentication
- Using Windows Authentication
- When a user connects using Windows Authentication, SQL Server
validates the Windows account name and password using the Windows
principal token in the operating system. This means that the user
identity is confirmed by the Windows operating system.. SQL Server
does not ask for the password, and does not perform the identity
validation itself. Windows Authentication is the default
authentication mode and uses Kerberos security protocol, provides
password policy enforcement with regard to complexity validation
for strong passwords, provides support for account lockout, and
supports password expiration. A connection made using Windows
Authentication is also called a trusted connection, because
SQL Server trusts the credentials provided by Windows.
- Using SQL Server Authentication
- When using SQL Server Authentication, logins are created in SQL
Server that are not based on Windows user accounts. Both the user
name and the password are created by using SQL Server and stored
in SQL Server. Users connecting using SQL Server Authentication
must provide their credentials (login and password) every time
that they connect. When using SQL Server Authentication, you must
passwords for all SQL Server accounts.
For connecting using Windows Authentication, enter the
database server location, set the Authentication Method to
Windows Authentication and click Connect to fetch the list of
databases available. If the connection succeeds,
the Databases list box is populated and the server
properties are shown below.
SQL Server Authentication
After entering the database server location, set
the Authentication Method to SQL Server Authentication. The
username and password fields are required with this authentication
method. Enter the correct values and click Connect. A
connection is made to the server and the Databases list is
populated along with the server properties table. If the connection
succeeds, the connection parameters are saved in the
registry. However, the password is not saved.
Once the connection parameters are entered and a
connection is successfully made, the list of databases available on
the instance is fetched. The databases are shown in the combo
box. Select the database to convert or import XML into.
After the connection is made using the specified
parameters, the instance properties are listed in the table. The
following properties are available: Check the properties to ensure
that the database you are shredding XML into is the correct one.
SQL Server Native Client
In case of connection problems, you may need to
install the SQL Server Native Client software published by
Microsoft. Please check here for the
download and instructions for installing SQL Server Native